History 3535-101 Indigenous Resistance in Modern Latin America


Course Schedule fall 2006


Introduction and Theoretical Issues


Au 22 Indigenous People in Contemporary Latin America: an Introduction


24 Setting the Stage: Genocide to Mythicide and Active Resistance

Native Identity and Consciousness: Theoretical Issues

R: Langer, Contemporary Indigenous Movements, Introduction xi-xxvviii

Kicza, The Indian in Latin American History, Introduction xiii-xxviii

Kay Warren, “Transforming Memories and Histories” on reserve


29 Indigenous Agency: Past and Present

Film: Encuentro with the Indigenous Peoples of Colombia

R: Emilienne Ireland, “Neither Warriors nor Victims”, Ch 1 and Erin O’Connor, “Indians and National Salvation”, Ch 4 in Langer, Contemporary Indigenous Movements.


31 Patterns of Conquest and Demographic Collapse

Class Activity: Third Degree, Prepare a set of 10 question cards about the readings to challenge your fellow classmates, answers on the back

R: Kicza: The Indian in Latin American History, 23-86; Kicza, Resilient Cultures, Chapters 1-4; Jonathan Brown, “Native Americans”, Ch 6 in Latin America, A Social History of the Colonial Period, on reserve



The Colonial Legacy


Se 05 Colonial Rule: Resistance and Acculturation

Film: Woman of Courage: Qamasan Warmi

R: Lutz and Lovell, “Core and periphery in Colonial Guatemala”, in Carol Smith, Guatemalan Indians and the State, 1540-1988, 35-51

Clendinnen, “Crisis”, in Ambivalent Conquests, 72-92; Stern,

Huamanga’s Colonial Heritage”, in Peru’s Indian Peoples, 184-193,

07                Religious Influence and Cultural Change; Film: The Mission


Indigenous Initiatives and Nineteenth-Century Liberalism


12 Mexico: Speaking Crosses, Village uprisings and Yaqui Resistance

R: Reed: Caste War of Yucatan 132-145; Kicza: 157-186, 213-236;


14 Andean Region: Peru, Ecuador, Colombia

R: Kicza: 243-264; Michael Taussig, Culture of Terror, Space of Death,” Tristan Platt, “The Andean Experience of Bolivian liberalism, 1825-1900: Roots of Rebellion in 19th Century Chayanta”, in Stern, Resistance, Rebellion and Consciousness in the Andean Peasant World, 280-320; on reserve.


19    Extermination and Acculturation: Brazil and the Southern Cone

R: Maybury Lewis and Howe, “Becoming Indian in Lowland South America”, in Urban and Sherzer, Nation-States and Indians in Latin America, Austin, Texas, 1991; John Lynch, “Desert Campaign” from Argentine Caudillo 17-20, on reserve

21 Central America

Class Activity: Press Conference, bring questions for other teams

R: J. Gould: “Not Even a Handful of Dirt”, in To Die in This Way, 69-97

Design Exam 1



26 Exam 1


Twentieth-Century Mobilization


28 The Kuna Uprising in Panama

Film: The Spirit of Kuna Yala

R: Howe, 10-44, 258-300,


Oc 03 The Limits of Mestizaje and Indigenismo

R: Héctor Díaz Polanco, “Indigenism after Independence”, in Indigenous

Peoples in Latin America, 65-77; Discussion on Howe and Polanco

Writing History at ASU: Some nuts and bolts


05    Forced Integration and Cultural Change

Paper 1 due: Using historical sources, explain how the Colonial Latin American

experience affected indigenous people throughout the continent.

What happened and how did indigenous people respond?


10 Case Study: Indigenous People in Ecuador

Religious Proselytism and Indigenous Responses

Film: The Napo Runa

R: Muratorio: Grandfather Alonso: Ch 9-10

Class Activity: The Question Game, Bring 10 question cards to class,

with a question about the reading on one side and the correct answer on the other. Include terms that need definitions, true and false items, multiple choice items

12 Indigenous Resistance in the Andean Highlands: early 20th Century

R: Cunningham “Indigenous Knowledge and Biodiversity” on reserve

Erick Langer, “Native Cultural Retention”, in Kicza, Ch. 10


Indigenous Peoples and Environmental Protection

17 Film: At the Edge of Conquest: the Voyage of Chief Wai-Wai

R: Zamoc and Hirsch, chapters 3 and 5 in Langer, Contemporary Indigenous Movements in Latin America

Discussion of film and articles


19 Fall Break


24 Indigenous People and Liberal Wars

Articles by Nichola Foote, René Harder Horst, Vincent Peloso


26 Swimming upstream: The Yanomamo in the Twentieth Century

Film: Warriors of the Amazon

Patrick Tierney, “The Fierce Anthropologist”

Kenneth Good, “A Race Against Time”, in Américas,

Class Activity: The Great Debate on Studying Indigenous Peoples


31                Film: “The Xavante Initiation”;

R: Garfield, “The Xavante Project, 1978-1988,” pp. 187-219, in Indigenous Struggle

at the Heart of Brazil


No 02 Film: Amazon Journal

R: Reed: Forest Dwellers, 1-47; Garfield, Indigenous Struggle, Chs 1-2

R: Reed: Forest Dwellers, 49-132

Students design Exam 2


07 Exam 2



The Gendered Lives of Indigenous People


09 Film: The Canela Indians of Brazil

What does it mean to be Indigenous? Uniqueness or Mere Adaptation?

R: Garfield, Indigenous Struggle, Chs 3-5


14                Indigenous Women and their history of Resistance

Film: Rigoberta Menchú

R: I, Rigoberta Menchú, Chs. 1, 7, 15, 25

Menchu and Horowitz Controversy: handout packet

16 Contemporary Indigenous Women

Film: Ecuador: The Indigenous Woman

Langer, Contemporary Indigenous Movements, Chapters 7, 8 and 9

Discussion on Garfield


Pan-Indigenous Organization and Political Action


21 Pan-Indigenous Organization and Contemporary Land Struggles:

Mapuche, Zapatistas, Guaraní

Film: Zapatista Resistance in Chiapas

R: Horst, “Consciousness and Contradiction”, Ch 6; Indigenous Leaders Speak Out, Section 4, in Langer, Contemporary Indigenous Movements

Mallon, “Indian Communities, Political Cultures, and the State in

Latin America”; on Mallon and Langer

Work on your Research Paper


23 Thanksgiving Holiday


28                Indigenous People and Political Change

Film: Democracia Indígena

R: Charles Hale, “Nation Building, Resistance and Hegemony”, Stefano Varese, “Multiethnicity and Hegemonic Construction: Indian Plans and the Future,” on reserve

Research Papers Due


30                Twenty-First Century and Indigenous People in Latin America

Evo Morales, Political Mobilization, Multiple Changes

Charles Hale: “Rethinking Indigenous Politics in the Era of the ‘Indio permitido’”, NACLA, 38, No 2, 16-20; Good, “A Race against Time,”


De 05 Final Discussion and Exam Preparation: What did we learn?

Don’t forget to bring your id’s and essay questions to make the final exam


Final Exam: Friday, De 8, from 3 PM – 5:30 PM